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Jewelry Glossary

Terms You Should Know When Placing Jewelry Orders

As a jewelry brand, one must possess a keen eye for design and an understanding of the jewelry industry to curate an exquisite collection that appeals to customers. Jewelry is an art form and has been prized for its beauty and rarity for thousands of years, and as a result, it has its own language. Therefore, understanding the terms used in the jewelry world is essential for any jewelry brand that wants to succeed in the industry.

To help our customers, we’ve created this useful jewelry glossary. In this glossary, we’ll explore some of the most common terms used in the industry, and what they mean, so you can better understand jewelry basics and make informed, satisfying purchases that your customers will love!


Cut refers to the way a diamond or a gemstone has been faceted to enhance its sparkle. Here is a list of different cuts to choose from for your jewelry.

Round Cut: This type of cut has a round shape. The diamond round cut has 58 facets.

Princess Cut: This stone will have a square shape with 50 to 58 facets, which is a highly faceted cut.

Emerald Cut: This cut is rectangular. The stone will have fewer facets than other cuts.

Pear Cut: A pear cut shapes the stone like a teardrop. It has one pointed end and one rounded end. This style is often used in pendants and is very common in earrings.

Marquise-Cut: This stone will be cut in an oval shape.

Oval Cut: A modified brilliant cut that elongates the stone; the oval cut is similar to the round cut but has an elongated shape that can make the stone appear larger.

Cushion Cut: This will be a square or rectangular-shaped stone. The corners will be rounded. This style has larger facets. The larger facets create a soft, romantic impression.

Asscher Cut: This cut is similar to the emerald cut with a square shape.

Radiant Cut: Radiant cuts are rectangular or square with 70 facets that can maximize the refraction and reflection of the gem and have trimmed corners.

Heart Cut: A romantic and unique cut that is shaped like a heart, the heart cut has a pointed end and a rounded end and is often used in most sentimental jewelry.

Trilliant Cut: A triangular cut with sharp corners, the trilliant cut is often used as a side stone to accent other cuts or as a center stone for a modern, geometric look.

Baguette-Cut: A long and narrow rectangular cut, the baguette cut is often used as side stones to complement other cuts or as the center stone in smaller jewelry pieces.

Stone Settings:

The setting of a jewelry piece refers to how the stone is held in place. There are many settings, including a prong, bezel, and channel, etc.

Prong Setting: The gemstone will be set with prongs. This shows more surface area for additional brilliance.

Bezel Setting: A metal setting that wraps around the entire stone, providing a secure hold and protecting it from potential damage.

Pave Setting: This setting is small stones held securely with tiny prongs.

Channel Setting: Channel settings use a metal channel that secures the stones.

Tension Setting: These settings use pressure to hold the gemstone in place, appearing as if the stone is floating in mid-air.

Cluster Setting: This particular setting places small gemstones closely together to make them look like a single larger gemstone. This is often seen in vintage designs and is a great way to create an impressive piece of jewelry at an affordable cost.

Flush Setting: This minimalist look highlights the brilliance of any gemstone. The top of the gemstone will be even with the surface of the band.

Gypsy Setting: A gypsy setting involves a gemstone that is set flush into the metal band, with no visible prongs or bezels. This creates a clean and streamlined look, perfect for men’s rings or statement pieces.

Bar Setting: A bar setting uses metal bars that hold the stones in place. It creates a sleek and modern look that is perfect for contemporary jewelry designs.

Bead Setting: A bead setting uses tiny beads of metal to hold the stones in place.


A prong is like a metal seat that holds the stone securely in a mounting.

Prongs are typically made of the same metal as the rest of the setting, such as gold or platinum. However, the number of prongs used can change depending on the size and shape of the gemstone, as well as the style of the piece. For example, a solitaire engagement ring may have four prongs to hold the diamond in place, while a more intricate setting may have six or more prongs to secure multiple stones.

Prongs can come in different shapes, including pointed or rounded, and different thicknesses, depending on the size and shape of the stone being held. Prongs can also be straight or curved, depending on the design of the setting.

While prong settings are a popular choice for diamond and gemstone jewelry, they do require some maintenance over time. Prongs can become loose or worn down with everyday wear, so it is important to have the prongs checked regularly by a professional jeweller to ensure that the stones remain securely in place.

Here is a list of various prong settings.

Four-Prong Setting: A frequently used setting that utilizes four metal prongs to secure the gemstone in place.

Six-Prong Setting: A setting that uses six metal prongs to hold the gemstone in place, providing extra security and stability.

V-Prong Setting: A setting that uses V-shaped prongs to hold the gemstone in place, giving it a more dramatic and unique appearance.

Shared Prong Setting: A setting that uses shared prongs to hold multiple gemstones in place, minimizing the amount of metal visible between the stones.

Cathedral Setting: A cathedral setting uses prongs that rise up from the shank of the ring to support the center stone. This creates a regal and elegant look.

Basket Setting: In a basket setting, the prongs wrap around the stone, creating a basket-like appearance that provides additional protection for the stone.


With this arrangement, an elongated strip of metal secures the gemstone.

Bezel settings can be full or partial. They provide excellent protection for the stone, as the metal strip surrounding the stone helps to prevent it from being chipped or scratched. Second, they offer a sleek, modern look that is perfect for contemporary jewelry designs.

Here is a list of bezel settings you can choose for your jewelry.

Full Bezel: A bezel that completely encircles the stone, protecting it from damage and offering a sleek and modern look.

Half Bezel: A bezel that partially encircles the stone, offering a balance of protection and visibility.

Open Bezel: A bezel that has an opening on one or more sides, exposing more of the stone while still holding it securely.

Scalloped Bezel: A bezel that has scalloped edges, adding texture and interest to the piece.

Illusion Bezel Setting: In an illusion bezel setting, the metal strip is designed to create the illusion of a larger stone by reflecting light back through the stone.

Rubover Bezel Setting: A rub-over bezel setting uses a metal rim that is soldered around the edge of the stone, creating a smooth and continuous look.

Colette Bezel Setting: A colette bezel setting involves a series of prongs that hold the stone in place, with a metal strip encircling the prongs to create a secure and protective setting.


A hallmark is a stamp or mark on a piece of jewelry that indicates its metal content and authenticity. It is usually found inside a ring or on the clasp of a necklace or bracelet.


Vermeil became popular as it is a type of jewelry plated with a thicker layer of silver. The gold plating is usually at least ten karats with 2.5 microns, giving the piece a warm, rich appearance.

Understanding the terms used in the jewelry world can help you make informed decisions when choosing a jewelry manufacturer. With a one-stop solution for your brand and excellent customer service, we make it easy for you to offer jewelry that suits your customers’ tastes and business needs. When you purchase from us, you get premier-quality jewelry and the guidance of a trusted partner.

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